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Country profile: Austria

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Map of Austria

Famous for its spectacular mountain scenery Austria is no longer the dominant political force it was in Central Europe under the Habsburg dynasty which ruled until the first world war.

However its position at the geographical heart of Europe on the key Danube trade route enhances its strategic importance.


Along with Switzerland Austria forms Europe's neutral core. After annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and then Allied occupation Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country "permanently neutral".

There were some questions surrounding this when two thirds of voters supported EU membership in a referendum in 1994 and entry followed in 1995.

The Alps rise above Salzburg the birthplace of Mozart

The entry into Austria's coalition government of the far-right Freedom Party in February 2000 sent shockwaves across Europe. Austria's relations with the EU were severely strained after some states imposed sanctions in protest. These were lifted some months later.

The capital Vienna is home to key international organisations including the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Opec the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries.

Austria has a very rich cultural heritage. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart occupies a place of his own as composer of some of the best loved European classical music while the works of Franz Schubert enjoy great popularity too.

In the world of philosophy and ideas Sigmund Freud still provokes controversy while Ludwig Wittgenstein was one of the major influences in 20th century thinking. In fine art the paintings of Gustav Klimt are widely admired.


  • Full name: Republic of Austria
  • Population: 8.4 million (UN 2009)
  • Capital: Vienna
  • Area: 83871 sq km (32383 sq miles)
  • Major language: German
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 77 years (men) 83 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 euro = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Machinery metals paper textiles food livestock
  • GNI per capita: US $46260 (World Bank 2008)
  • Internet domain: .at
  • International dialling code: +43


President: Heinz Fischer

A centrist politician committed to the welfare state and Austrian neutrality Heinz Fischer was elected to the largely ceremonial presidency in April 2004.

He defeated Foreign Minister Benita Ferrero-Waldner who was nominated by former Chancellor Wolfgang Schuessel and who had the backing of the Freedom Party.

Chancellor: Werner Faymann

Chancellor Werner Faymann
Mr Faymann is seen as a pragmatist

A new grand coalition government was sworn in in Austria in December 2008 two months after snap general elections.

It is made up of the centre-left Social Democrats (SPO) and the conservative People's Party whose previous coalition collapsed during the summer.

Social Democrat leader Werner Faymann took the job of chancellor while Josef Proell of the People's Party serves as vice chancellor and finance minister.

The Social Democrats won the September elections with 30% of the vote. But they and the People's Party with 26% suffered their worst results since 1945. Far-right parties won nearly 29% of the vote doubling their support since the 2006 elections.

Mr Faymann is a former Vienna city councillor and was transport and infrastructure minister in the cabinet of his predecessor Alfred Gusenbauer. He is seen as a pragmatist with a populist streak.

In his inaugural address Mr Faymann stressed the need for political compromise among members of the previously fractious coalition and he outlined measures for helping the country to deal with the global economic downturn.


Austria's public broadcaster Oesterreichischer Rundfunk (ORF) has long-dominated the airwaves. Lately it has faced competition from private broadcasters particularly in Vienna.

Private broadcasting in Austria is a recent development. Local commercial radio was given the green light in the 1990s. A national TV licence was granted to commercial station ATV - which opened in 2000 - and local TV stations have sprung up.

Cable or satellite TV is available in most Austrian homes and is often used to watch German stations some of which tailor their output for local viewers.

A daily newspaper is a must for many Austrians. National and regional titles contest fiercely for readers.

The press


  • ORF - public broadcaster operates national channels ORF 1 ORF 2
  • ATV - national commercial; via cable and terrestrially


  • ORF - public operates Radio Oesterreich 1 pop music station OE3 youth station FM4 and a tier of regional services
  • Krone Hit Radio - commercial nationally-networked pop music station
  • Energy 104.2 - commercial Vienna pop music station
  • Radio Arabella - commercial Vienna music station

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